As an object of criminological research

test questions

1. Expand the content of the concepts “personality of the offender”, “criminal personality”, “criminogenic personality”, “subject of the crime”, “accused”, “defendant”, “convicted”. How are these concepts related?

2. What are the elements of the offender’s personality structure? Describe their properties.

3. What is meant by the classification of the personality of a criminal? Give examples.

4. What is the essence of the concepts of “genesis of personality” and “criminalization of personality”?

Practical tasks

No. 1

Taking into account the abstract-logical-concrete-logical approaches used in modern criminology, draw up a diagram of the theoretical model of the “criminal personality”.

No. 2

Highlight the essence of the main debatable issues related to the biological predisposition of a person to commit a crime; ideas about a potential offender; the role of mental anomalies in criminal behavior.

No. 3

Criminal statistics show a stable significant difference in the criminal activity of men and women. How can this be explained?

No. 4

Make a portrait of the personality of a modern criminal according to official current statistics on criminal records in the Russian Federation.

No. 5

What is the practical significance of criminological studies of the identity of the offender?

No. 6

Familiarize yourself with the statistical card on the person who committed the crime and highlight the features provided for in it related to the criminological characteristics of the persons who committed the crimes. Classify these features in relation to the structure of the personality of the subjects who committed the crime, and their typology.

No. 7

Below are some signs and characteristics of a person.

Determine which of them characterize the individual as a person:

– sociability, industriousness, poor eyesight, isolation, diligence, poor intelligence, accuracy, quick reaction to external circumstances, high emotional excitability, physical deformity, stubbornness, truthfulness, self-doubt, purposefulness, indifference, absent-mindedness, suspiciousness, musical talent, inexpressiveness speech, selfishness, conformity, envy.

Which of the listed signs can determine antisocial behavior, and which are criminologically neutral?

No. 8

Determine which of the listed psychophysiological characteristics of criminals are among the factors that determine

mining crime, which serve as a favorable background for antisocial behavior, and which are criminological

ski neutral:

a) inherited or acquired physical or mental defects;

b) physical injury resulting from an accident or illness;

c) congenital or acquired mental disorders (dementia, psychopathy);

d) mental and psychosomatic disorders (psychosis, psychoneuroses);

e) pathologies associated with sexual perversions, alcoholism, drug addiction;

f) low intellectual level, mental limitation, ignorance, naivety;

g) hormonal abnormalities associated with increased sexuality, impotence, etc.

No. 9

Familiarize yourself with the following information on criminal cases and determine in each case the type of criminals in

according to the classification accepted in criminology.

A.R. , aged 48, a driver by profession, secondary education, married, has two children, previously convicted of violating traffic rules and operating vehicles, sentenced to five years in prison. The crime was committed as a result of a gross violation of the Rules of the Road (collision with a fatal outcome when overtaking a vehicle on a section of the highway where overtaking is prohibited). The victim was given first aid and then taken to the hospital. During the investigation and in court, he sincerely repented of the crime he had committed. While serving his sentence in the colony, he provided material assistance to the son of the deceased, who was studying at the institute. The characteristic from the colony is positive.

After serving his sentence (released on parole as having proved his correction by exemplary behavior and honest attitude to work), he returned to his family, to his former place of residence and work. It is characterized by work positively.

For the second time, he was prosecuted for causing death by negligence, which he committed under the following circumstances: he returned home earlier than usual and found his wife and her colleague F. drinking alcohol in the apartment. He removed a loaded hunting rifle from the wall, cocked the hammers and, holding the gun in his hands, invited the latter to leave. Opening the door, he hit it with the butt, as a result of which a shot was fired and F. was mortally wounded.

B.P. , aged 27, married, has two children, a 4-grade electrician by profession, works at a furniture factory. At work, he is characterized mainly positively, he studies at a secondary specialized educational institution.

After passing the exams, classmates invited him to “celebrate” the transition to the third year. Agreeing with the proposal of his comrades, P. drank about a hundred grams of vodka.

S., a friend of P., who took part in the drinking, became intoxicated, and P., since he was relatively sober, was instructed to bring S. home. Having brought the drunk S. to the house, P. opened the door of the apartment with the key that he took from his pocket, undressed him, put him on the bed and, taking advantage of the fact that there was no one at home, stole a men’s suit and money from the closet, which he found in the same place . P. sold the stolen suit.

V. E., 27 years old, single. Lives with parents in a separate apartment. Secondary technical education. Works as a technical superintendent in REU. The job description is positive. However, in the entrance where he lives, he repeatedly made scandals while in a state of intoxication. Twice brought to administrative responsibility for petty hooliganism. He was prosecuted for intentional infliction of minor bodily harm.

The crime was committed under the following circumstances. Late in the evening, in a state of mild alcohol intoxication, E. was returning home from a friend, whom he helped to equip an apartment. Before entering the entrance, he sat down on a bench and dozed off. At that moment, someone threw a lit cigarette out of a window on the second floor, which fell into his collar. Installed by

the open window of the location of the apartment, he went to the door and knocked, after removing his shoe from his foot. The door was opened by a neighbor, with whom E. often quarreled. Hitting her twice in the face with his boot, E. silently put on his shoes and went to his house.

G. M., 33 years old, married a second time, lives in his wife’s apartment. From his first marriage he has an 8-year-old son. 5th grade education, specialty locksmith. He was brought up without parents. Twice served a sentence in places of deprivation of liberty for malicious hooliganism. He is registered in a neuropsychiatric dispensary as a chronic alcoholic. The last crime – murder – was committed under the following circumstances

On payday, M. came home with friends and had a drink. After the departure of friends, he finished the rest of the alcohol and went to bed. The wife hid the money left from the salary. Waking up in the morning and not finding them on the spot, M. began to demand money from her for a drink. Having received a categorical refusal, he flew into a rage, grabbed an iron that fell under his arm and threw it at his wife, who was sitting on the sofa. With a sharp angle, the iron hit the victim’s temple, causing her to die. After the incident, M. got dressed, collected the wine dishes, turned them in and bought a bottle of vodka. Upon returning home, in a state of extreme intoxication, he dismembered the corpse of his wife, put it in a suitcase and left the house, but was detained by the police on the street.

D.I. , 30 years old, working at a factory, was detained at the checkpoint with a set of wrenches. Materials on the fact of petty theft were sent to the place of his work. During the year, I. was twice taken to a medical sobering-up station, there were no other violations. He treated the work performed conscientiously, he had no comrades among the workers of the shop. Seeing once on the territory of the plant an electric motor hidden by someone in the grass, which he had long wanted to buy for his garden plot, I. decided to kidnap him. Trying to take out the stolen electric motor, he was detained by security guards and subsequently prosecuted.

Topic 6. Mechanism of individual

criminal behavior

test questions

1. Define the mechanism of individual criminal behavior.

2. What are the main elements of the mechanism of individual criminal behavior?

3. Explain the relationship between the causal complex of crime

as a whole with the causes and conditions for committing a particular crime.

4. What is meant by the situation of the commission of a crime and the criminogenic situation?

Practical tasks

No. 1

Make a diagram of the internal structure of the mechanism of criminal behavior.

No. 2

Analyze the discussions in the criminological literature about the structure of the model of the mechanism of criminal behavior.

No. 3

Describe the criminogenic potential of the main factors of the social microenvironment.

No. 4

Explain the features of the formation of motivation for committing a crime.

No. 5

Give a classification of crime situations.

No. 6

What new situations of committing crimes appeared at the end of the 20th – beginning of the 21st century?

No. 7

How is scientific knowledge about the mechanism of individual criminal behavior used in practice?

No. 8

Read the following criminal case references and complete the following tasks:

1. Analyze the mechanism of criminal behavior. Specify the circumstances that directly contributed to the commission of the specified crime.

2. Distinguish between the circumstances related to the situation of the crime and the identity of the perpetrator.

3. Evaluate the role of the perpetrator’s personality traits and the situation in the committed crime.

4.Schematically depict the circumstances that led to the commission of the crime.

A. Driver E., having finished work, was returning home. T. stopped his car and asked for a ride to the station. On the way, the passenger repeatedly asked E. to go faster, since there were only a few minutes left before the train left, and promised to “thank” him well. When leaving the alley onto a street with heavy traffic, E. braked sharply: a girl ran out of the school building located on the opposite side on the road. towards, as a result of which serious harm was caused to the health of T. himself and the driver of the oncoming car. The girl was not hurt. The traffic police officers who arrived at the scene found that E.’s car had collided with an oncoming car three meters from the “Caution, children!” sign. The speed of his car at the time of the collision was 70 km/h, the speed of the oncoming car was 50 km/h. During a medical examination, he was found to have a slight degree of alcohol intoxication. As evidenced by E., he did not see the road sign, it was foggy. He pleaded not guilty to the accident, saying that he had to brake sharply to save the girl. As for the minor

excessive speeding, then, in his opinion, it is not the cause of what happened.

Based on the materials of the personal file, it was established that E. had worked in the taxi fleet for over 15 years, and was repeatedly awarded for high performance in work. He has not been prosecuted before. For violation of the Rules of the road (speeding and double overtaking) he was twice brought to administrative responsibility. According to his wife, he often drank because he had “extra” money. He paid most of his salary to his family. The facts of E.’s appearance in a state of intoxication during working hours were not established.

B. D. is a driver by profession, secondary education, previously not convicted. He is characterized positively at work, reads a lot. Attends sporting events. He is fond of breeding songbirds. By nature, he is quick-tempered, not talkative, rarely drinks alcohol.

On the day of the crime, D. had tickets to the final football match played by the team he was a fan of. At about 12 noon, D. got a call from work with a request to replace the driver who had suddenly fallen ill. D. agreed, warning of his intention to finish work at 17 o’clock, since he had a ticket for football and the match would take place at

19 o’clock 30 min..

At 15 o’clock. 40 min. On the route there was a breakdown in the bus engine. Having called for a technical assistance vehicle to tow the faulty bus, D. waited until 20:00 for its arrival. Returning to the garage, he found out about the loss of his favorite team, got upset, complained about the poor organization of the car fleet.

Being in an excited state, at about 10 p.m. D. was returning home and in the yard he saw two teenagers aged 16-17 years old on a bench, one of whom played the guitar, and the other sang. Approaching the teenagers, D. rudely suggested that they go to another place, to which one of the teenagers said: “Go and raise your children.” In response, D. picked up a stick from the ground and beat both teenagers, causing serious harm to the health of one of them.

D. repented of the crime he had committed and provided material assistance to the mother of the victim until he was taken into custody.

No. 9

Read the following criminal case references and complete the following tasks:

1. Analyze criminal behavior.

2. What type are these crimes?

3. Analyze the criminal situation and the identity of the perpetrator in each case. Was it possible to prevent

it is a crime?

A. Oksana lives in a communal apartment. The neighbor likes to drink. Money for booze, as usual, is not enough. And so he did not find anything better than to climb into Oksana’s room and drink her liquors.

She spoke in a good way. She threatened. I contacted the precinct. No results. The last resort remains. Oksana is a chemist. At work, she took out poison and dissolved it in a bottle of liquor. My room – what I want, I keep in my closet.

The neighbor drank this liquor. Three days later he was buried. It is unpleasant, of course, to feel that you have something to do with the death of a person, but now she lives in a separate apartment. She got the neighbor’s room.

A week later, she was called in for questioning. She didn’t hide what happened. Imagine Oksana’s surprise when she was convicted of murder. This is a real tragedy.

B. The hunt failed. We wandered through the forest all day, but did not meet the boar. We decided to spend the night in a spruce forest. They chopped spruce paws, kindled a fire, drank.

Egor fell asleep right in an embrace with a gun. Igor carefully began to take the double-barreled shotgun out of his hands in order to put his friend to sleep in a hut.

How the gun fired, he still cannot understand. However, the fact remains: his best friend Yegor was blown off half his head.

V. Krasovsky is very fond of gardening. He tenderly cares for apple and pear trees. Watering and feeding

their mineral fertilizers. Fights pests. And every time it’s harvest time, he gets nothing. Who and how breaks off, he cannot keep track.

Out of desperation, he decides on a last resort: he runs a bare wire over the fence and applies voltage to it at night. He wrote a warning on the fence that the wire was live. “Will you like these apples – 220 volts ?!” In the morning, at the fence, he found a dead boy from a neighboring village.

Topic 7. Crime prevention.

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