Are the following statements about human actions correct?

Write down the word missing in the diagram: needs

Write down the missing word in the table.

human needs

View Need object
Physiological Food, water, air, climatic conditions, etc.
…social Communication, social activities, public recognition, etc.

Below are some terms. All of them, with the exception of two, refer to the concept of “human abilities”.

1) inclinations, 2) giftedness, 3) socialization 4) activity 5) talent, 6) genius.

Find two terms that “drop out” of the general series, and write down the numbers under which they are indicated in the table.

6. Tenth grader Ivan is hard at work preparing for exams , as he wants to go to university, get a programmer’s profession and find a prestigious job. This example illustrates the activity
for the implementation of needs

1) biological 2) natural

3) social 4) existential

7. Read the text below, each position of which is indicated by a specific letter.

(A) The close relationship between human needs and interests is quite obvious. (B) Interest acts as a real cause of social actions, events, accomplishments, standing behind immediate motives – motives, thoughts, ideas, etc. – individuals, social groups, classes participating in these actions. (B) For more than 80 years, scientists have been exploring the relationship between interests and activities. (D) It is quite natural that the realization of one interest generates new interests. (D) It’s probably an endless process. Determine which positions of the text have
one) actual character
2) nature of value judgments
3) nature of theoretical statements

Write in the table under the letter denoting the position, the number expressing its nature.

A-3, B-1, C-1, G-3, D-2

8. Select the correct judgments about the person and write down the numbers under which they are indicated.
1. The natural (biological) needs of a person traditionally include the needs for social activities, social recognition, communication with other people
2. Human needs are satisfied in the process of his activity
3. The concept of “individual” is used to characterize the distinctive features of one person from another
4. The differences between a person and other living beings include the presence of thinking and verbal speech
5. Needs underlie the emergence of human interests and inclinations

The following are human needs. All of them, except for two, are social needs.

1) In labor activity; 2) in creation; 3) in creativity;

4) in mutual understanding; 5) in rest 6) in food

Find two terms that “drop out” of the general series, and write down the numbers under which they are indicated in the table.

Ancient historians claim that Alexander the Great knew by sight all the soldiers of his thirty thousandth army. This testifies to his extraordinary

1) skills 2) habits 3) interests 4) abilities

Younger children and older family members especially need communication, affection, and care from people close to them. This shows the needs

1) material 2) social 3) physiological 4) cognitive

12. After retiring, Ivan Arkadievich decided to realize his dream: to learn Italian and go on a trip to Italy. He enrolled in Italian language courses and studies enthusiastically. This example illustrates the activities to fulfill the needs

1) biological 2) natural

3) prestigious 4) spiritual

Below are a number of terms. All of them, with the exception of one, relate to the concept of “human needs”.

1. biological 2. existential 3. demographic 4. social 5. prestigious 6. spiritual.

Find and indicate the term that “falls out” of the general series and refers to another concept.

The needs of a person related to his biological essence include the need for

1) communication 2) self-expression

3) procreation. 4) labor activity

15. Establish a correspondence between needs and their types: for each position given in the first column, select the corresponding position from the second column.

NEEDS

A) in self-expression

B) in the sense of life

B) in motor activity

D) in communication

TYPES OF NEEDS

1) biogenic (biological) 2) social 3) ideal

A-2, B-3, C-1, G-2

16. Citizen V. loves to go to the grocery market near her house. She knows everything about everyone there and talks for a long time on various topics with sellers. Meanwhile, the products for the family are purchased, as a rule, by her husband in the supermarket. What needs are realized in the actions of citizen V.?

1) prestigious 2) existential

3) ideal 4) social

Are the following statements about human behavior correct?

BUT. Needs, beliefs, ideals are manifested in the motives of human actions.
B. The specific actions of a person are influenced by the norms adopted in society.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true

  • 3) both judgments are true 4) both judgments are wrong

18. Are the following judgments about needs correct ?

BUT. Needs are a person’s experience of the need for what is necessary for the maintenance of life and the development of the individual.
B. Spiritual needs traditionally include the need for air, nutrition, maintaining normal heat exchange.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true

3) both judgments are true 4) both judgments are wrong

19. Biological, physiological, social. organic, natural. Find and indicate the name of the needs of another type, “falling out” of their series.

20. Find a concept that is generalizing for all other concepts of the series below, and write down the number under which it is indicated.

1) need 2) installation 3) persuasion
4) motive 5) interest 6) emotion
7) ideal

21. Find a concept that is generalizing for all other concepts of the series below, and write down the number under which it is indicated.

1) the need for recognition from other people; 2) the desire to achieve a high social status; 3) social need. 4) the need for communication; 5) the need for respect from their colleagues .

22. Select the correct judgments about the person and write down the numbers under which they are indicated.
1. The natural (biological) needs of a person traditionally include the needs for procreation, food, air for breathing, rest
2. Man and other living beings are united by the ability to carry out transformative activities
3. One of the features of a person –
the ability to use simple tools to create complex tools
4. The ability to adapt to changing natural conditions is a feature that distinguishes a person from other living beings

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