Deworming and vaccination of cats
Explaining to experienced and responsible owners of animals (cats and dogs) about the necessary benefits of pet vaccination does not make much sense. They understand everything themselves. But for the rest of the less informed, you need to be regularly reminded of this need. Vaccination is not a panacea for a viral disease, but still gives a chance to save the animal from death, in the event of a disease.
There are many unvaccinated and stray animals walking along the streets of cities and towns, which are sometimes carriers of the most dangerous diseases. Pathogens get into the soil that we bring on our shoes, along with the urine, saliva and feces of infected animals, because viruses are ubiquitous.
The most dangerous and, unfortunately, quite common feline diseases include feline panleukopenia, feline rhinotracheitis, feline calicivirus, feline viral leukemia, chlamydia, lichen and rabies. By the way, rabies, lichen, feline leukemia virus and chlamydia can be transmitted to humans.
Therefore, to keep even a purely domestic cat in a healthy state, it is necessary to follow a number of preventive measures – timely vaccination and deworming.
One of the preventive methods of combating infectious diseases is vaccination.
After birth, the kitten receives the most valuable thing that a mother can give him – colostrum rich in maternal antibodies, which protects him in the first weeks of life. And as long as a high level of maternal antibodies remains in the body of a kitten, it copes well with the aggression of pathogenic microorganisms. But gradually this protection weakens.
Therefore, the first vaccination against the main feline diseases – viral rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis, panleukopenia – is usually carried out at the age of 8-12 weeks – this is the age when kittens begin to lose maternal antibodies and become most vulnerable to viral diseases.
3-4 weeks after the main vaccination, the kitten needs to be revaccinated by administering 1 dose of the vaccine. During revaccination, the kitten is often vaccinated against rabies.
So why do we need revaccination? The fact is that the first vaccination is done when maternal antibodies are still present in the kitten’s body, but they are no longer enough to protect the baby. And the second vaccination is done because the mother’s antibodies have already practically disappeared, and antibodies alone after the first vaccination are not enough to protect the young organism. Accordingly, if the first vaccination is carried out already in an adult cat, then there is no need for revaccination.
Further, it is necessary to vaccinate a grown kitten every year at the same time without revaccination.
Cat vaccination rules:
– It is necessary to observe the schemes and timing of vaccinations.
– It is necessary to use only high-quality vaccines.
– The first vaccination is recommended to be done at home.
– Only clinically healthy animals are vaccinated.
– Pregnant and lactating cats are not vaccinated – this may adversely affect the health of the offspring. The last vaccination should be done a month before the intended mating.
– It is not recommended to vaccinate kittens at the age of 4-7 months – the period of teeth change in cats.
– You can not vaccinate animals in the postoperative and rehabilitation periods. If the cat has been treated with antibiotics, then vaccination should not begin earlier than 2 weeks after the last administration of the antibiotic.
– Do not vaccinate cats that have been in contact with sick and suspicious animals.
– After vaccination, the condition of the kitten / cat should be observed.
– Modern vaccines for kittens and cats are well tolerated by animals and give strong immunity.
– 10 days before vaccination, it is necessary to carry out mandatory deworming and treatment against ectoparasites.
Why is deworming necessary before vaccination?
Deworming before vaccination is necessary to ensure that the cat develops strong immunity to the vaccine. The presence of parasites weakens the cat’s immune system and this leads to the production of fewer antibodies.
If 4-6 months have passed since the last antihelminthic treatment before vaccination, then it is necessary to carry out deworming. You can vaccinate an animal no earlier than 10 days after deworming. It is advisable to do this twice with an interval of 10-14 days.
Antihelminthic prophylaxis and treatment against ectoparasites.
It is known that in spring and summer, as well as the beginning of autumn, there is a peak in the activity of ectoparasites of domestic carnivores – fleas, ticks, lice and withers. Ectoparasites cause a lot of anxiety to animals and, what is more real and extremely dangerous, are carriers of many parasitic and infectious diseases.
Moreover, ordinary fleas can be carriers of infection. Their larvae feed on the eggs of the worms, after which they can transmit the disease to your animal through a bite. In this case, you should first get rid of fleas, and only then deworm the animal.
Of the huge range of drugs aimed at the destruction of ectoparasites, only a few can effectively, permanently and harmlessly protect animals from the attack of ectoparasites.