A26. Are the following statements about false knowledge correct?

A. False knowledge is knowledge that does not correspond to the subject of study.

B. False knowledge is knowledge that has not been verified experimentally.

1) only A is true

2) only B is true

3) both statements are correct

4) both judgments are wrong

A27. Generalization is an integral part

1) production activities

2) sensory knowledge

3) rational thinking

4) gaming activities

A 28. Consciousness is ideal, which means:

1) consciousness is in a different dimension than the rest of the world

2) consciousness is a stream of spiritual experiences

3) consciousness is an inner and deep layer of our life

4) in consciousness there is not a gram of matter, it is devoid of corporality and sensual tangibility

A29. Among the listed sciences, the functions and forms of the state are studied by:

1) sociology

2) political science

3) philosophy

4) history

A30. Which of the following sciences studies society?

1) zoology

2) astronomy

3) sociology

4) chemistry

A31. Which of the following sciences studies society?

1) linguistics

2) anatomy

3) genetics

4) jurisprudence

A32. Are the following statements correct?

A. The features of any cognitive activity are inherent in social cognition.

B. Social cognition has its own characteristics, due to the specifics and complexity of the object being studied.

1) only A is true

2) only B is true

3) both judgments are correct

4) both judgments are wrong

A33. In contrast to the cognitive activity of a schoolchild, the cognitive activity of a scientist:

1) based on the use of experiment

2) is based on a creative approach to work

3) intellectually develops

4) aims to discover new, reliable knowledge

A34. Both religious and scientific knowledge:

1) is objective

2) it is necessary for a person for rational activity

3) can be passed down from generation to generation

4) suggests evidence

A35. Only the composition of scientific knowledge includes:

1) experimentally substantiated conclusions

2) established facts

3) logical reasoning

4) results of observations

A36. Which of the following sciences studies power relations:

1) philosophy

2) history

3) sociology

4) political science

A37. Are the following judgments about the diversity of forms of human knowledge correct?

A. The experience of everyday life is one way of knowing the world.

B. Both scientific and everyday knowledge is characterized by theoretical validity of conclusions.

1) only A is true

2) only B is true

3) both judgments are correct

4) both judgments are wrong

A38. Among the listed sciences, the study of nations as socio-ethnic groups is engaged in

1) ethnography

2) sociology

3) anthropology

4) social psychology

A39. The difference between sociology and other social sciences is

1) the study of people as representatives of the human race

2) consideration of the unique, individual traits of a person

3) the study of society as a holistic phenomenon

4) the study of society in all its concreteness and diversity

A40. Are judgments about knowledge correct?

A. Sensual and rational cognition are stages of a single process of cognition.

B. With the help of the senses, a person receives information about the world around him.

1) only A is true

2) only B is true

3) both judgments are correct

4) both judgments are wrong

A41. Evidence as a sign of scientific knowledge is specifically expressed

1) in the coincidence of the put forward ideas with many years of experience and intuition of scientists

2) when referring to one or another authority in science

3) in accordance with the theoretical conclusions of the moral principles of society

4) in confirmation of scientific knowledge by experience, experiment, laws of logic

A42. Are the following statements about practice correct?

A. Practice is the basis of knowledge and the criterion of truth.

B. Socio-historical practice is the only criterion of truth.

1) only A is true

2) only B is true

3) both judgments are correct

4) both judgments are wrong

A43. Which statement correctly reflects the difference between theoretical knowledge and empirical knowledge?

A. Empirical knowledge is limited to the world of phenomena. The theoretical is looking for hidden, internal, essential connections and phenomena behind visible manifestations.

B. We see the way we think; and therefore it is not empiricism that determines theory, but vice versa, theory determines empiricism.

1) only A is true

2) only B is true

3) A and B are correct

4) both judgments are wrong

A44. “Individuality is the unique originality of a person, a set of his unique properties.” This statement is an example

1) artistic image

2) parascientific knowledge

3) judgments at the level of common sense

4) scientific knowledge

A45. Conclusion: “Friends in need are known” – is the result of

1) parascientific knowledge

2) generalizations of life experience

3) fiction

4) experimental verification

A46. Knowledge by means of art necessarily involves the use

1) abstract concepts

2) artistic images

3) scientific instruments

4) abstract patterns

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