A problem is something that does not suit us in reality, a discrepancy between what is desired and what is real.

Master class on the topic



Time: 60 minutes

Location: DOL “Dzerzhinets”, the camp of the active students of schools “KalIDERskop”

Number of participants: 50 people

The goal is to acquaint participants with the concept of goal, the technology of goal setting.


1. Exercise “Molecule”

2. The concept of goals, desires and dreams

3. Purpose. Goal setting rules.

Expected result: understanding what a goal is, how it differs from desire and dreams, mastering the technology of goal delivery.

Molecule exercise (20 minutes)

Now you need to start moving randomly and, at my signal, pair up. In pairs, the topic that I ask is discussed for 3 minutes. Chat freely. Try to listen carefully and question each other in more detail. So,

Topics for discussion:

As a child, I dreamed of being…

· My most unusual wish…..

· What do I want to achieve in the future, for example, in 5 years….

What gives me great pleasure…….

What areas of life would you like to improve in?

What would I like to change about myself…….

· My dream ……

Thank your interlocutor. We finish the exercise. We sit down in places.

The concept of goals, desires and dreams (10 minutes)

After we talked about our plans, desires, goals, dreams. We would like you to define these concepts (desire, dream, goal).

The facilitator asks the participants a question: “What is desire?”

Participants answer

Desire – Inner attraction, the desire for the implementation of something, the possession of something. Have a (want)

The facilitator asks the participants a question: “What is a dream?”

Participants answer

A dream is an image created by the imagination of what is desired .

The facilitator asks the participants a question: “What is the goal?”

Participants answer

The goal is an ideal, mental anticipation of the result of an activity and ways to achieve it with the help of certain means; object of aspiration, something that should be desirable to implement.

Target. Goal Setting Rules (30 minutes)

The goal cannot appear on its own. It always stems from a problem.

What is a problem? (guys answer)

A problem is something that does not suit us in reality, a discrepancy between what is desired and what is real.

There is always conflict in a problem. For example, I can’t put up with the fact that Marya Ivanovna gave me a deuce (I want to put up with it, but I can’t, there is a conflict). For comparison: I got a deuce (a statement of fact, there is no conflict here).

Now that we have understood what does not suit us, we must understand what we want, what we want to change. Having identified the problem, we set ourselves a goal.

What is a goal?

The boys repeat

Why is it necessary to set a goal? (children give their answers)

A well-defined goal performs three functions at once:

First, it helps to direct efforts correctly. If we do not know where we are going, we are unlikely to arrive, and if we do, we will incur huge losses (Figure the shortest distance between two points is a straight line).

Secondly, it allows you to evaluate the success of actions. Knowing what we are striving for, we can evaluate at each step how close we are to the goal.

Thirdly, the achievement of the goal brings positive emotions, which serve as positive reinforcement, reinforcing a constructive model of behavior.

The goals are structured according to the time frame as follows:

1. Goal is a dream. Orientation for decades, and even for a lifetime. For example: “I want to become a person who has all the knowledge and skills that are useful in life.” This goal is difficult to set clearly. When time passes, both you and the world will change. But still it is useful to have it on the horizon.

2. Long term goal. “Learn English to a conversational level in 3 years”, “Learn to drive a car in 1 year” and so on. This level is more specific, but even here there is some uncertainty, since we are forced to plan actions about which we still know too little.

3. Intermediate goal. This is not what you need directly, but it is this level of planning that allows you to evaluate the success of moving towards larger goals. For example: “learn the rules of the road in 1 month.”

4. Short term goal. What needs to be done right now. These tasks can be recorded in a weekly journal. For example: “learn 5 cards”. Short-term goals help you plan your day, week. Closer targets, summing up, form more distant and larger ones. Once you reach one milestone, you already know what the next one will be. But from time to time they all need to be reviewed – after all, you learned something, became wiser, changed.

Goal setting rules:

– The goal should be aimed at solving the problem.

– The goal is always the same.

– In order for you to unambiguously understand whether the goal has been achieved or not, it must be clear enough. For example, if you set yourself the goal of increasing your professional level by one and a half times, then it is unlikely that you will be able to objectively control this milestone. In this case, for example, the following option will be correctly set: “Learn to manage people”, “Study the entire theory of leadership” or “Learn to listen and hear.”

– Do not try to figure out how you will achieve your goal. The main thing here is to formulate it. You will achieve your goal (if all the points before that were completed in the right order). Distraction on how to achieve the goal can lead to its change, which means that the goal will not be “true”.

– It is necessary to set clear deadlines in which the goal must be achieved in order to push yourself, not to give yourself a “weakness”.

– The goal should be formulated in a positive way, reflecting not a struggle with something, but a desire for something. For example, not to get rid of garbage, but to clean up.

– The complexity of the goal should be optimal – significant, but feasible. If you set yourself an impossible task, then you have many chances to fix in your subconscious a behavior model aimed at failure. However, a goal that is too simple is also not good. Its achievement will not bring pleasure, feelings of overcoming. So the difficulty of the target should be optimal. In the event that you nevertheless suffered a failure, learn positive lessons from it too: analyze what went wrong? did you put in enough effort? Or went the wrong way? Or was the task more difficult than it seemed at first? In any case, now you know and can do more than before. Learn positive lessons from negative results as well. Do not stop!

– The goal must contain an action, this is indicated by the imperative mood verb. For example, learn English in 3 years.


Target construction model TOTE (Test-Operate-Test-Exit). Having set a goal, we unconsciously develop a test, with which we determine whether this goal has been achieved. If not – operate – we act, changing something in the reality around us to get closer to our goal. When the verification criteria are satisfied (test), exit (exit) to the next stage.

The TOTE model assumes 7 steps to develop and verify the goal. They are formulated as questions.

Now formulate your goal for the coming year and write it down on a piece of paper. I will ask you questions, and you, according to your goal, answer them and also write them down.

Step 1. RESULT – is formulated by the question “What do I want to achieve?”.

Step 2. SIGNS – the question “How will I know that I have reached the goal? What will I see? Will I hear? Feel it? And try not only to imagine, but also to feel.

Step 3. CONDITIONS – the question “When do I want this?”. Helps to clearly define the time required to achieve the goal.

Step 4. Means – “What am I lacking to achieve my goal? What am I missing?” Helps to determine the resources and their amount needed to achieve the goal.

Step 5. LIMITATIONS – “What prevented me from achieving this goal before?” Here comes the emphasis more on deterrents.

Step 6. CONSEQUENCES – “What happens if I reach my goal? What if I don’t get it?” Helps to accept or not accept the goal, to understand the priority of this goal.

Step 7. VALUE – “Is this goal worth my effort?” – environmental testing.

Step 8. DEEP GOAL – “If I achieve this goal, what will I achieve beyond that? What will the achievement of this goal give me more than? – definition of the state of being:

A person does or achieves something.

· Receives from others (including evaluation), Acquisition.

· Knowledge (Wisdom).

· Attitude.

Now reframe your goal with the rules we talked about and your answers.

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